LifeSurance.Info – The color of the healthy tongue is generally pink and freshly covered papillae, small nodules on the surface of the tongue and coarse textured. Often the tongue is also covered with a thin layer of grayish white. This is actually not a dangerous thing, but if the color of the tongue continues to show white, you may need to do further tests.
The color of the white tongue is caused by many factors. One of the most common is poor oral hygiene. When you rarely brush your teeth or tongue, the remains of food will be trapped on the sidelines of the papilla and stack together with dead skin cells to form a whitish layer on the surface of the tongue. If left unchecked, this plaque will be attacked by bacteria in the mouth and can cause inflamed papillae.
The cause of white tongue can also be caused by leukoplakia, where white patches form on the tongue and mouth. This is usually caused by the presence of too many keratin cells and proteins. Although not painful, but if not treated properly can interfere with your mouth activity.
In addition to the above two cases, the appearance of white on the tongue can also be caused by a condition called geographic tongue. This condition means the papilla on the surface of the tongue disappears and looks like a smooth red island with white edges. The cause of the geographic tongue itself is still not known with certainty but is not associated with infection or cancer. Although relatively harmless, sometimes this makes the tongue feel uncomfortable and sensitive to certain substances.
The presence of immune disorders, in the long run, can also cause white lacy lines and white patches on the mouth and tongue. This condition is called oral lichen planus and causes a sensation of blemish or burning.
Similar symptoms also occur in oral thrush symptoms or are caused by the accumulation of growth of the fungal candida albicans that is too fast in the lining of the mouth. Usually, candidiasis often occurs in infants or the elderly, or in diabetics, people who are iron deficient and users of dentures.